Mosquitoes

Mosquito is one of the famous blood suckers that can be found worldwide. Mosquito feeds on human and also animals. It is known to serve as a vector for many diseases such as malaria, dengue fever, yellow fever and Japanese encephalitis. Besides, the biting of mosquito can cause an itchiness to every person that they bite. In its reproductive batch, mosquito eggs are produced about 30 to 300 eggs depending on the species. Aedes mosquito (takes about a week to fully develop into adults) while Culex mosquito (takes about 10-14 days to fully develop into adults). Males mosquito usually lives up to 10 days while female mosquito lives up to 6 weeks.

Why mosquito is an issue?

  • Vector for diseases. Mosquito usually transmit pathogens, virus and parasites to other organisms during blood meal.
  • Irritating & painful bite. Bite from mosquito can cause allergic and itchiness on the skin.

Signs of mosquito infestation

  • Bite mark (red bump).
  • Presence of larvae in water sources.
  • Presence of the adult mosquitoes.

How to control mosquito?

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Chemical Control

Use of aerosol inside an automatic dispenser for mosquito control.

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Chemical Control

Fogging of mosquito indoor & outdoor during its active time.

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Chemical Control

Larvaciding will be implemented for the control of mosquito larvae in water.

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Mechanical control

  • Use of bed net during sleeping time.
  • Use of window screens to reduce entry of mosquito inside buildings.
  • Closed windows and door especially during dusk and dawn time.
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Sanitation & hygiene

  • Removed water sources/standing water (e.g. in pot, inside unused tires, inside container) as it
    can be a potential breeding places for mosquito.
  • Clean up the drainage area.
  • Eliminate any standing water.
  • Trimmed the long grass and bushes to remove its resting place.
  • Clean up gutter on the roof frequently from leaves as it can hold small amount of water.

Aedes spp.

  • Eggs are black in color.
  • Eggs are laid singly.
  • Breed in clean water.
  • Adults are black in color and have a presence of white stripes in legs.
  • Wings are unspotted (no pattern).
  • Associate in urban area.
  • Found in clean water.
  • The eggs can stand desiccation.
  • Larvae stay upside down in the water.
  • Active time: dusk & dawn (6.00 a.m. to 8.00 a.m. : 6.00 p.m. to 9.00 p.m.)

Culex spp.

  • Eggs are stick together in a raft.
  • Breed in stagnant organic water.
  • Adults are brownish in color.
  • Wings are unspotted (no pattern).
  • Associate in rural and urban areas.
  • Found in polluted water.
  • The eggs cannot stand desiccation.
  • Larvae stay upside down in the water.
    • Active time: (6.00 a.m. to 8.00 a.m. : 9.00 p.m. to 11.00 p.m.)

Anopheles spp.

  • Eggs are laid singly.
  • Adults are dark brown to black in color.
  • Wings have dark & pale scale on veins.
  • Associate in rural area.
  • Found in both clean and polluted water.
  • The eggs cannot stand desiccation.
  • Larvae stay parallel to the water.
  • Active time: Early morning (6.00 a.m to 8.00 a.m. : 5 p.m. and 9.30 p.m.)