Ants

Ants are the most common household as well as agricultural pest worldwide. What makes them successful is that these critters are small, and they live in a eusocial lifestyle. Small sizes make them an expert of hiding in holes, crack and crevices; excavating highway in your lawn and inside your property without you noticing them. They are social insects, which they live in a colony containing queen, worker, and broods inside a kingdom of nest. Like in human society, ants are capable of communicate with each other, job division and expanding their ‘family’ in a systematic way. This allow them to thrive and proliferate in our living environment, becoming the most difficult-to-control household pests next to cockroaches and termite.

Ants can be found literally everywhere that is humid, pack of food sources and tons of nesting areas. Outdoor ants prefer to nest in your garden, probably under your flower pots, in one of your trees, along the cement cracks that has leaky pipe or even in your car. Indoor ants tend to stay in your property for steady food source and shelter. Some ants can do both, they can nest either outdoor or indoor depending on their preference to your property.

Why ants are an issue?

  1. Considered as nuisance pest; Often found forage in large group of ant workers.
  2. Source of food and medical supplies contamination; Ants can potentially carry harmful pathogens on their leg and body as they travel. These pathogens can be easily transfer when they come into contact with our food, drinks and medical supplies.
  3. Some ant stings/ bites; Ant sting or bite may cause painful pustule. It may also cause allergies to some people, causing skin rashes, extreme itchiness, regional swelling. In extreme cases, constriction of respiratory tract, seizure or death could happen.
  4. Agricultural damages; Some ants have mutual symbiotic relationship with agricultural sap-sucking pest such as mealy bug, indirectly causing harm to plants. The presence of mealy bug is often associated with the presence of ants, where ants provide protection to these sap-sucking insects in-turns of honey dew. Leaf cutter and harvester ant are pest to agricultural pest where they dislodge foliage and leaves to feed mushroom farm that continuously provide them with food.
  5. Ecological damage; carpenter ant damage wood by create holes and nest inside wood structure, such as your furniture.

How to control ants?

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1. Residual Treatment

Our team will perform perimeter spraying that creates a layer chemical barrier surrounding your property. The chemical barrier will reduce the chances of ants from getting into the building.

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2. Ant’s Gel Baiting

It could also help to reduce the number of ants from the source, their nest.

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3. Garden Spray

Outdoor ants can nest in your garden area, forage on plants’ leaves and stem; Some ants may also nest at hard-to-reach area such as on top of the tree around your property. For these type of situation, our team will perform chemical spraying at planter box, bushes, on tree canopy, where ants are found.

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4. Sanitation

Always remove food debris, spillage of sugary drinks or grease on any surface of your place, to reduce the availability of food and water to ants.

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5. Proofing & Maintenance

  • Tightly close your food and water supply; air tight jar work best to store up cookies and sugar that is easily target for ants. Never left drinking water open.
  • Seal up holes, crack and crevices on the wall, gaps on floor skirting to prevent ants from entering the building.
  • Trim trees to prevent branches from touching your building; The branches will create highway for ants to enter your house.

Ghost Ants

Tapinoma melanocephalum or Tapinoma indicum

  • Black colour (black head and thorax, milky greyish gaster)
  • Emit foul smell (rotten coconut odour) when crushed
  • Monomorphic worker; polygynous ant. **
  • Outdoor nesting species; can nest indoor when indoor environment is moist
  • Commonly found in soil, rotten woods or tree parts, under flower pots, in cracks and crevices of flooring
  • Sometimes, it can be found inside water sources or forage inside powdered milk or sugar in your cabinet.
  • Nuisance pest ants; do not bite or sting

Black Crazy Ants

Paratrechina longicornis

  • Dark brown to black colour (long- legged)
  • Move erratically when disturbed (hence the name ‘crazy’)
  • monomorphic worker; polygynous ant**
  • outdoor nesting, indoor forage species; can nest indoor when indoor environment is moist
  • commonly found under flower pots, underneath wood, rock or cement slab lying on soil, on walkways or corridor of building
  • nuisance pest ants; do not bite or sting

Carpenter Ants

Camponotus sp.

  • large ant species; ack of spines (or thorns) on the thorax and/or petiole
  • polymorphic worker; monogynous ant**
  • nest in woods and tree structure; area that is high moisture
  • structural pest ants; do not bite or sting

Pharoah Ants

Monomorium pharaonis

  • yellow-brownish colour (abdomen/ gaster is brown to black colour)
  • monomorphic worker; polygynous ant.**
  • indoor nesting species; It could be found nesting outdoor in tropics (including in Malaysia)
  • these ants can utilize human buildings and resources as nesting area, such as crack and crevices in housing, wall voids, behind headboard, in the gap of floor skirting, even in a stash of papers.
  • nuisance pest ant; it may bite, rarely sting

Fire Ants

Solenopsis germinata

  • yellow-reddish colour (abdomen/ gaster is brown to black colour)
  • dimorphic worker; monogynous ant.**
  • outdoor mound builders, indoor foraging species
  • ant mound can usually be spotted under tree and shrub or under inverted flower pot
  • medically important pest ant; may bite or sting and cause health treats to hyperallergic person.
  • very aggressive and invasive ant species; structural pest ant; It was found responsible for the damage of electrical structure in temperate country.

Weaver Ants

Oecophylla smaragdina

  • yellow-reddish colour
  • very aggressive and invasive ant species
  • dimorphic worker; monogynous ant.**
  • outdoor nesting species
  • ant artist that build beautiful ant nest using leaves; the leaf structures are weaved by using silk produced by their nymph, and/ or pinched by worker ants (hence the name ‘weaver).
  • it will bite and release formic acid when disturbed

Big-Headed Ants

Pheidole spp

  • light brown or dark brown in colour
  • major worker has bulk, large head (hence the name ‘big head’)
  • dimorphic worker; polygynous ant**
  • outdoor nesting species
  • can be found in soil, under potted plants, in crack and crevices in brickwork, under rock
  • agricultural important pest; known to facilitate mealy bug in transmitting plant pathogens.
  • may bite and sting

Selangor Ant / Bi-Coloured Arboreal Ant

Tetraponera rufronigra

  • black coloured head and abdomen; yellow colour thorax and petiole (hence ‘bi-coloured’)
  • monomorphic worker; monogynous ant**
  • outdoor nesting species; forage above trees and land
  • nesting in dead and alive tree stump
  • aggressive ant species; bite when disturb; bite pain is excruciating